over 3,000 species of mosquito world-wide. They ALL depend on a source of water to complete their lifecycle.
Florida has the greatest variety of mosquitoes, more than 80 species.
Breeding places and characteristics of mosquitoes varies:
Live in close association with humans.
Stay close to breeding sites.
Lay eggs in containers that hold water - even a bottle cap.
Active during the day. (NOT at dusk)
Aerial & ground insecticide spraying has little effect for controlling.
Best way to control is to remove water from containers.
Species include: Aedes ssp. that carry Zika virus, Dengue, Chikungunya, Yellow Fever.
Flood Water Breeders
Live and breed in ditches, swales, lakes, marshes, or swamps.
- Can travel long distances from breeding sites.
- Lay eggs on water surface or damp soil.
- Active during dawn and dusk.
- Large hatches occur following significant rainfall events.
- Aerial & ground insecticide spraying controls well.
- Species include: Culex spp. that carry West Nile virus, and St. Louis Encephalitis. Anopheles spp. that carry Malaria.
female mosquitoes bite.
Females may live several weeks in the summer and many months in the winter. If a female mosquito
survives a long time, she may go through several cycles of blood feeding and egg laying.
Tall grass or shrubs are NOT breeding sites. They do provide resting sites for adults.
Fish, frogs, and dragonflies control mosquito larvae in canals, ponds, and lakes.